عنوان مقاله [English]
Ahmad Mahmoud is one of the realistic authors of Iran's second generation that such characteristics as indigenous writing and folk tune, simple and dynamic language, in conformity with the fictional world, evolution and development of narrative language, brevity based on the aestheticism, using symbolic concepts and elements, skill in characterization, artistic imagination of the story atmosphere, handling social and political issues in the plot, using ironic language and… are among of his brilliant aspects of his writing. Using satire as a writing techniques by Ahmad Mahmoud in the novel "Madare Sefr Darajeh " encouraged us to study it from this perspective .
The study is based on the aesthetic look and emphasizes on rhetorical and linguistic elements such as irony, simile, description, parody, hyperbole, Humiliation and ridicule giving evidence of the novel. The results show that the author has used linguistic and rhetorical elements artistically to create verbal and phrasal satires.